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Paul Spencer is an active member of the OASIS Technical Committee, and developed the XML Schemas for EML and the means of customising the schemas for various types of elections. He also developed the customisations for UK public election pilots and for the online electoral registers (CORE) project.


Case Studies

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  • UK e-GIF
  • Abu Dhabi eGIF
  • Danish InfostructureBase
  • Trinidad and Tobago e-GIF
  • MIAP Common Data Definitions
  • HMRC File by Internet
  • Co-ordinated Online Record of Electors
  • MOD XML Policies


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  • Abu Dhabi Systems & Information Centre
  • Cabinet Office e-Government Unit
  • Department for Constitutional Affairs
  • Department for Education and Skills
  • HM Revenue and Customs
  • Learning and Skills Council
  • Microsoft
  • Ministry of Defence
  • Ministry of Public Administration, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • National Westminster Bank
  • NHS Information Authority
  • NHS in Scotland
  • Office of Government Commerce
  • Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
  • Office of the e-Envoy
  • Open University
  • Scottish Executive
GIF cerificate


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  • Government Interoperability - 5 Tips for Success
  • From Spreadsheet to Schema
  • A Technical Standard for e-Voting
  • Combining OASIS Standards to Create a Repository and Assembly Mechanism for XML Schema Components
  • The Election Markup Language
  • e-Government in the UK
  • Developing e-GIF Compliant XML Systems For Government
  • e-Government in the UK
  • XML: the relevance to e-government
  • Using XML in Government
  • Delivering New Electronic Services in the Public Sector
  • e-Gov and XML Government Advanced Technology
  • Delivering New Electronic Services in the Public Sector


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  • XML for the Web
  • Professional XSL
  • Beginning XML
  • Professional XML Design and Implementation

Case Study - MOD XML Policy

Project Scope

The UK Ministry of Defence was an early adopter of XML. Even though its use of XML was mostly compliant with the e-GIF, the MOD recognised a need to adopt stricter policies to gain the most benefit from its investment in XML. In particular, it decided that all XML artefacts (mainly XML Schema data types) should be centrally registered, and that no un-registered artefacts should be used.

Project Description

Development of a policy for the use of XML is one of many projects that we have carried out for the MOD. The policy provided an introduction to XML, an overview of its use within the MOD, and a set of policies governing XML development.

Follow-up work included running several training courses covering XML, the e-GIF and the MOD XML policy and producing a proof-of-concept registry/repository for XML artefacts.

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